Pekin Ducks for Sustainable Meat Production

My Pekin ducks were raised with chickens and get along fine in a mixed flock.
My Pekin ducks were raised with chickens and get along fine in a mixed flock.

See also Raising Ducks for Meat & How to Butcher a Duck

Organic and Humanely Raised Ducks

One of the reasons we moved to a homestead was to raise our own organic, humanely produced poultry for the table. Last year I realized my dream of keeping ducks and processing a few for the freezer. We are enjoying their meat a great deal and I think I like duck better than chicken. I didn’t expect that at all. The only time I had duck before was a frozen duck from the grocery store and it tasted like liver when cooked. Since I’m not a big fan of liver, that experience was pretty disappointing.

The ducklings on their first day outside.
Pekin ducklings enjoying the spring sunshine.

Ordering Ducklings

I ordered my ducklings from a hatchery in Iowa so they would spend less time in shipping. As it turned out, it took 3 days for them to arrive and they were very thirsty and hungry. Pekin ducklings are larger than chicks, they also grow faster, eat more, and make a bigger mess than most baby chicks. I have only found one exception to this…Cornish X meat chicks. I think they are just about as messy and hungry as ducklings!

Caring for ducklings is pretty similar to caring for chicks. They need similar brooder temperatures and conditions. Ducklings should have a bit more space and it is recommended that you feed them a high protein meat producer feed (as you would provide for the Cornish X) instead of chick starter. It can be difficult to find an organic option, so you might be able to use a regular organic chick starter or grower feed and supplement it with split peas or field peas (ground) for extra protein and faster growth.

You also want to be sure that the ducklings aren’t swimming too early. Ducklings raised by their mother are groomed with the natural oils from her oil gland, making them water resistant. If they come from a hatchery, incubator, or non-water fowl surrogate mother, they won’t have this natural protection.

Ducks, skinned, vacuum sealed, and ready for the freezer.
Ducks, skinned, vacuum sealed, and ready for the freezer.

Fast Growing Alternative to Cornish X Meat Birds

The Pekin breed is one of the most popular for meat and I can see why. Our ducklings grew very fast and were ready for processing at 7-8 weeks of age. That is on par with the Cornish X meat chickens for speedy growth and tender flesh. The Cornish X might provide a bit more meat per bird, but you can’t keep them to breed a new batch of chicks each year. At least the results will not be the same as you get with the hybrid chicks directly from the hatchery.

If you are interested in raising your own meat birds but you’d rather not order Cornish X chicks every year, you might want to consider raising Pekin ducks. Be aware that they are messy, you’ll want to provide a pond or pool for them to splash in, and the ducks are not very good mothers. Hatching in an incubator or under a Muscovy duck (or other surrogate mother) might be a better option for raising a successful clutch.

Not only will Pekin ducks provide you with a great source of meat, but they are very good layers. I gather an egg almost every day from my ducks. I have 4 ducks now (and 1 drake) and I gather 4 eggs every day, except maybe once or twice a week I gather 3. They are producing better than any of my chickens, the eggs are much larger and are great for baking.

Slow cooked duck meat is wonderful!
Slow cooked duck meat is wonderful!

I also found it a little bit more difficult at first to kill my ducks, in comparison to chickens. They seem just a little bit smarter and they are pretty cute. So just be prepared and remind yourself that you don’t need a dozen drakes with raging hormones running the gals ragged! And if you need an incentive…here’s a yummy plate of duck meat prepared in a slow cooker to entice you!

 

Do you raise ducks for meat? What is your favorite breed?

 

Lisa Lombardo

Hi! I’m Lisa Lynn…modern homesteader and creator of The Self Sufficient HomeAcre. Follow my adventures in self reliance, preparedness, homesteading, and getting back to the basics.

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